Earth has evolved to provide everything that allows modern human life to flourish, from the vital water we require to drink and grow our food; to the minerals like iron, aluminum, copper, and silicon that build everything from giant skyscrapers to tiny computer chips; to the energy that powers both industry and the everyday. But our dynamic planet also unleashes natural disasters which reshape the landscape and threaten communities. Research into these fundamental processes and forces reveals quantitative evidence and shapes our understanding of Earth’s present, its past, and its potential future. It is this type of discovery-driven research which helps advise scientific and industrial colleagues and policymakers in their endeavors to find practical solutions to key societal issues—like innovations in the safe extraction of water and energy resources, the prevention of landslides, or the engineering of structures to withstand earthquakes and hurricanes. MORE