Atmosphere, Oceans & Climate

With cyclones growing in frequency and ferocity, communities increasingly being threatened by landslides and extreme flood events, and melting permafrost endangering habitats and belching large amounts of trapped carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, the need for research into the interconnected natural systems which combine to produce and influence climate is becoming more and more critical. Warming oceans, melting ice caps, and rising sea levels indicate Earth could be approaching a tipping point, with vast potential economic and humanitarian implications—including destruction of property and infrastructure, disruptions in trade, relocation of communities, pressures on food production, and threats to human health. Fundamental climate research provides the quantitative evidence needed to accelerate the development of practical solutions, new technologies, and policy initiatives to mitigate the impacts of climate change. MORE