Susan Solomon is internationally recognized as a leader in atmospheric science, particularly for her insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic ozone "hole". She and her colleagues have made important contributions to understanding chemistry/climate coupling, including leading research on the irreversibility of global warming linked to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, and on the influence of the ozone hole on the climate of the southern hemisphere. Her current focus is on issues relating to both atmospheric chemistry and climate change.
- Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry & Climate Science, MIT, 2012-present.
- Co-chair, Working Group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2002-2008.
- Acting Director, Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, Nov.1995 - Nov.1996.
- Professor Adjoint, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1985-present.
- Senior Scientist, Aeronomy Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado, 1991-2011.
- Research Chemist at the Aeronomy Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado, 1981-1990 (Program Leader, Middle Atmosphere group of the Aeronomy Laboratory, 1988-1990).
1981 Ph.D. Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley.
1978 M.S. Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley.
1977 B.S. Chemistry, Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, Illinois.
Deser, C., R. Knutti, S. Solomon, and A. S. Phillips (2012), Communication of the role of natural variability in future North American climate, Nature Climate Change, Volume: 2, Issue: 11, Pages: 775-779, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1562
Friedlingstein, P.; Solomon, S.; Plattner, G-K.; et al. (2011), Long-term climate implications of twenty-first century options for carbon dioxide emission mitigation, Nature Climate Change, Volume: 1, Issue: 9, Pages: 457-461, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1302
Solomon, S., G.-K. Platter, R. Knutti, and P. Friedlingstein (2009), Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 106, 1704-1709, doi 10.1073/pnas.-9128211-6
Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)] (2007), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Solomon, S., R. W. Portmann, T. Sasaki, D. J. Hofmann, and D. W. J. Thompson (2005), Four decades of ozonesonde measurements over Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21311, doi: 10.1029/2005JD005917
Thompson, D. W. J., and S. Solomon (2002), Interpretation of recent southern hemisphere climate change, Science, 296, 895-899, doi: 10.1126/science.1069270
Solomon, S., Stratospheric ozone depletion: A review of concepts and history (1999), Rev. Geophys., 37, 275-316, doi: 10.102911999RG900008
Solomon, S., R. W. Portmann, R. R. Garcia, L. W. Thomason, L. R. Poole, and M. P. McCormick (1996), The role of aerosol variations in anthropogenic ozone depletion at northern mid-latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 6713-6728, doi: 10.1029/95JD03353
Solomon, S., R. W. Sanders, R. R. Garcia, and J. G. Keys (1993), Enhanced chlorine dioxide and ozone depletion in Antarctica due to volcanic aerosols, Nature, 363, 245-248, doi: 10.1038/328411a0
Solomon, S. (1990), Antarctic ozone: progress towards a quantitative understanding, Nature, 347, 347-354, doi: 10.1038/347347a0
Hofmann, D., and S. Solomon, Ozone depletion through heterogeneous chemistry following the eruption of the El Chichon Volcano (1989), J. Geophys. Res., 94, 5029-5041, doi: 10.1029/JD094iD04p05029
Solomon, S., G.H. Mount, R.W. Sanders, R.O. Jakoubek, and A.L. Schmeltekopf (1988), Observation of the nighttime abundance of OClO in the winter stratosphere above Thule, Greenland, Science, 242, 550-555, doi: 10.1126/science.242.4878.550
Solomon, S., G.H. Mount, R.W. Sanders and A.L. Schemltekopf (1987), Visible spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2. Observation of OClO, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 8329-8338, doi: 10.1029/JD092iD07p08329
Solomon, S., R.R. Garcia, F.S. Rowland, and D.J. Wuebbles (1986), On the depletion of Antarctic ozone, Nature, 321, 755-758, doi: 10.1038/321755a0
Brasseur, G., and S. Solomon, Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere, Reidel Pub., Co., Dordrecht, first edition 1984, second edition 1987, third edition 2005. (in English, also translated into Russian and Chinese) (ISBN 978-1-4020-3824-2)
Garcia, R.R., and S. Solomon (1983), A numerical model of the zonally averaged dynamical and chemical structure of the middle atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 1379, doi: 10.1029/JC088iC02p01379
Selected Honors and Awards
- Solomon Glacier (78°23'S, 162°30'E) and Solomon Saddle (78°23'S, 162°39'E) were named in honor of leadership in Antarctic research in l994.
- Carl-Gustaf Rossby Medal, American Meteorological Society, January, 2000.
- National Medal of Science, United States of America, March, 2000.
- Blue Planet Prize, Asahi Glass Foundation, November, 2004.
- Vienna Convention Award, November, 2005.
- Bowie Medal, American Geophysical Union, 2007.
- Grande Medaille, highest award of the French Academy of Sciences, 2008.
- Named one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine in 2008.
- Member: US National Women's Hall of Fame, 2009.
- BBVA Foundation, Frontiers of Knowledge Climate Change Award, 2012.
- Honorary Member of the American Meteorological Society, 2013.
- Vetlesen Prize, 2013 link
- Member: US National Academy of Sciences, American Philosophical Society; Foreign member French Academy of Sciences, Royal Society, European Academy.
- Recipient of numerous honorary doctorates from universities in the US and abroad.