MIT EAPS Directory

Susan Solomon

Lee and Geraldine Martin Professor of Environmental Studies
Secondary Appointment - Chemistry

Susan Solomon is internationally recognized as a leader in atmospheric science, particularly for her insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic ozone "hole". She and her colleagues have made important contributions to understanding chemistry/climate coupling, including leading research on the irreversibility of global warming linked to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, and on the influence of the ozone hole on the climate of the southern hemisphere. Her current focus is on issues relating to both atmospheric chemistry and climate change.



Ivy, D. J., Hilgenbrink, C., Kinnison, D., Alan Plumb, R., Sheshadri, A., Solomon, S., & Thompson, D. W. (2017) Observed Changes in the Southern Hemispheric Circulation in May. Journal of Climate, 30(2), 527-536, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0394.1

Zickfeld, K., Solomon, S., & Gilford, D. M. (2017) Centuries of thermal sea-level rise due to anthropogenic emissions of short-lived greenhouse gases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201612066, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1612066114

Ivy, D. J., Solomon, S., Calvo, N., & Thompson, D. W. (2017) Observed connections of Arctic stratospheric ozone extremes to Northern Hemisphere surface climate. Environmental Research Letters, 12(2), 024004, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa57a4

Gilford, D. M., & Solomon, S. (2017) Radiative effects of stratospheric seasonal cycles in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Journal of Climate, 30(8), 2769-2783, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0633.1

Dale, A., Fant, C., Strzepek, K., Lickley, M., & Solomon, S. (2017) Climate model uncertainty in impact assessments for agriculture: A multi‐ensemble case study on maize in sub‐Saharan Africa. Earth's Future, 5(3), 337-353, doi: 10.1002/2017EF000539

Solomon, S., Kinnison, D., Garcia, R., Bandoro, J., Wilka, C., Neeley III, R., Schmidt, A., Barnes, J., Vernier, J.P., Höpfner, M. and Mills, M. (2016) Monsoon Circulations and Tropical Heterogeneous Chlorine Chemistry in the Stratosphere. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 19, p. 5671), doi: 10.1002/2016GL071778


Kaplan, M. B., & Solomon, S. (2016) A coming boom in commercial shipping? The potential for rapid growth of noise from commercial ships by 2030. Marine Policy, 73, 119-121, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.07.024

Susan Solomon, Diane J. Ivy, Doug Kinnison, Michael J. Mills, Ryan R. Neely III, Anja Schmidt (2016) Emergence of Healing in the Antarctic Ozone Layer, Science, 30 Jun 2016, doi: 10.1126/science.aae0061

Elizabeth A. Barnes, Susan Solomon, and Lorenzo M. Polvani (2016) Full Access Robust wind and precipitation responses to the Mount Pinatubo eruption, as simulated in the CMIP5 models, Journal of Climate, published online 5 April 2016, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0658.1

Peter U. Clark, Jeremy D. Shakun, Shaun A. Marcott, Alan C. Mix, Michael Eby, Scott Kulp, Anders Levermann, Glenn A. Milne, Patrik L. Pfister, Benjamin D. Santer, Daniel P. Schrag, Susan Solomon, et al. (2016) Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change, Nature Climate Change, Published online 08 February 2016, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2923

Mills, M. J., A. Schmidt, R. Easter, S. Solomon, D. E. Kinnison, S. J. Ghan, R. R. III Neely, D. R. Marsh, A. Conley, C. G. Bardeen, et al. (2016) Global volcanic aerosol properties derived from emissions, 1990-2014, using CESM1(WACCM), J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi: 10.1002/2015JD024290

Ferreira, D. and Marshall, J. and Bitz, C. M. and Solomon, S. and Plumb, A. (2015) Antarctic Ocean and Sea Ice Response to Ozone Depletion: A Two-Time-Scale Problem Journal of Climate, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1206-1226, doi: 10.1175/jcli-d-14-00313.1

Holt, J. and Selin, N. E. and Solomon, S. (2015) Changes in Inorganic Fine Particulate Matter Sensitivities to Precursors Due to Large-Scale US Emissions Reductions Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 4834-4841, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00008

Boehlert, B. and Solomon, S. and Strzepek, K. M. (2015) Water under a Changing and Uncertain Climate: Lessons from Climate Model Ensembles Journal of Climate, vol. 28, no. 24, pp. 9561-9582, doi: 10.1175/jcli-d-14-00793.1

Calvo, N. and Polvani, L. M. and Solomon, S. (2015) On the surface impact of Arctic stratospheric ozone extremes Environmental Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 9, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094003

Fu, Q. and Lin, P. and Solomon, S. and Hartmann, D. L. (2015) Observational evidence of strengthening of the Brewer-Dobson circulation since 1980 Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, vol. 120, no. 19, doi: 10.1002/2015jd023657

Peters, G. P. and Andrew, R. M. and Solomon, S. and Friedlingstein, P. (2015) Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions Environmental Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 10, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/10/105004

Solomon, S. and Kinnison, D. and Bandoro, J. and Garcia, R. (2015) Simulation of polar ozone depletion: An update Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, vol. 120, no. 15, pp. 7958-7974, doi: 10.1002/2015jd023365


Honorary fellow, Royal Meteorological Society, UK (2017) | Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship, National Academy of Sciences (2017) | Honorary doctorate, University of British Columbia, November (2015) | Honorary Doctorate, Brown University (2015) | Illinois Institute of Technology Hall of Fame (2015) | Honorary Doctorate, University of British Columbia (2015) |Honorary Doctorate, Leeds University (2013) | BBVA Frontiers of Knowledge Prize, BBVA Foundation (2013) | Honorary Member, American Polar Society, (2013) | Vetlesen Prize, Vetlesen Foundation (2013) | Honorary Member, American Meteorological Society (2012) | Honorary Doctorate, Smith College (2012) | Chevalier, Legion d’honneur, Republique de France (2010) | Career Achievement Award, Service to America Awards of the Partnership for Public Service (2010) | Honorary Doctorate, University of Athens (2010) | Listed by Good Housekeeping Magazine as one of the 125 women who changed the world (2010) | Honorary Doctorate, University of Paris (2010) | Member, National Women’s Hall of Fame (2009) | Volvo Environment Prize (2009) | Honorary Doctorate, Reading University, UK (2009) | Honorary Doctorate, University of Pennsylvania (2009) | Member, National Women’s Hall of Fame (2009) | Honorary Fellow, The Geological Society of London (2008) | Fellow, Royal Society of London (2008) | Fellow, American Philosophical Society (2008) | John Scott Award, John Scott Foundation Trust (2008) | Listed by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2008 | Grande Medaille, Academie des Sciences de France (2008) | American Geological Institute Award for Advancing Public Understanding of the Geosciences (2008) | Distinguished Presidential Rank Award (2008) | The Nobel Peace Prize, awarded to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [Susan Solomon served as co-chair] and Mr. Albert Gore, Junior (2007) | Lemaitre Prize, Foundation Georges Lemaitre, Brussels, Belgium (2007) | Bowie Medal, American Geophysical Union (2007) | Lowell Thomas Award, Explorers Club, New York (2007) | Goldschmidt Award, Geochemical Society (2006) | Honorary Doctorate, Northwestern University (2006) | Fellow, Royal Society of Chemistry (2006) | UNEP/ WMO Vienna Convention Award for outstanding contributions to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (2005) | Honorary Fellow, International Polar Foundation (2005) | Blue Planet Laureate, Asahi Glass Foundation, Tokyo, Japan (2004) | Honorary Doctorate, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK (2004) | Honorary Doctorate, University of Miami (2003) | Distinguished Presidential Rank Award (2003) | Gold Medal, Department of Commerce, for contributions as lead author of the 3rd Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2002) | Weizmann Women and Science Award, presented at Rockefeller University (2002) | Honorary Doctorate, SUNY at Stony Brook (2001) | Honorary Doctorate, Illinois Institute of Technology (2001) | U. S. National Medal of Science (2000) | Foreign Member, Academia Europaea (2000) | Carl-Gustaf Rossby Award, American Meteorological Society (2000) | Co-Recipient, Climate Protection Award of the Environmental Protection Agency (1998) | United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Award for key contributions to the development of the Montreal Protocol (1997) | Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award of the Environmental Protection Agency (1996) | Honorary Doctorate, Williams College, Williamstown, MA (1996) | Associé Étranger (Foreign Associate), Academie des Sciénces de France (1995) | Solomon Glacier (78°23’S, 162°30’E) and Solomon Saddle (78°23’S, 162°39’E) were named in honor of leadership in Antarctic research (1994) | Honorary Doctorate, Tulane University (1994) | Arthur S. Flemming Award for excellence in government service (1994) | Honorary Doctorate, University of Colorado at Boulder (1993) | Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1993) | Scientist of the Year, R&D Magazine, Cahners Publications (1992) | Member, National Academy of Sciences (1992) | Common Wealth Award for Excellence in Science and Invention (1992) | Henry Houghton Award, American Meteorological Society (1991) | Gold Medal for exceptional service, U. S. Department of Commerce (1989) | James B. MacElwane Award, American Geophysical Union (1985) | University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) Fellow (1977-1978) | Fellow, American Geophysical Union | Fellow, American Meteorological Society | Fellow Royal Meteorological Society