MIT EAPS Directory

Daniel Cziczo

Associate Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry
Secondary Appointment - Civil and Environmental Engineering

It has been known for over a century that greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane warm the planet by trapping heat. What is not as well known is that particles can cool the planet by reflecting sunlight into space and by acting as the seeds on which clouds form. Particles and clouds are also of contemporary interest because it has been suggested they might affect climate by interacting with cosmic rays or be used to manipulate the Earth’s temperature.

Cziczo's research group is interested in the interrelationship of particulate matter and cloud formation. His team utilizes laboratory and field studies to elucidate how small particles interact with water vapor to form droplets and ice crystals, which are important players in the Earth’s climate system. Experiments include using small cloud chambers in the laboratory to mimic atmospheric conditions that lead to cloud formation and observing clouds in situ from remote mountaintop sites or through the use of research aircraft.

Current specific research interests include chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols with an emphasis on their effect on cloud formation mechanisms, Earth's radiative budget, and meteoritic debris and launch vehicle emissions in the atmosphere.

Publications

Mingjin Tang, Daniel J. Cziczo, and Vicki H. Grassian (2016), Interactions of Water with Mineral Dust Aerosol: Water Adsorption, Hygroscopicity, Cloud Condensation, and Ice Nucleation, Chem. Rev., Article ASAP, Publication Date (Web): March 25, 2016, doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00529

Ardon-Dryer, K. and Huang, Y. W. and Cziczo, D. J. (2015) Laboratory studies of collection efficiency of sub-micrometer aerosol particles by cloud droplets on a single-droplet basisAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 15, no. 16, pp. 9159-9171, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-9159-2015

Atkinson, D. B. and Radney, J. G. and Lum, J. and Kolesar, K. R. and Cziczo, D. J. and Pekour, M. S. and Zhang, Q. and Setyan, A. and Zelenyuk, A. and Cappa, C. D. (2015) Aerosol optical hygroscopicity measurements during the 2010 CARES campaign Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4045-4061, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-4045-2015

Zawadowicz, M. A. and Abdelmonem, A. and Mohr, C. and Saathoff, H. and Froyd, K. D. and Murphy, D. M. and LeisnerI, T. and Cziczo, D. J. (2015) Single-Particle Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Utilizing a Femtosecond Desorption and Ionization Laser Analytical Chemistry, vol. 87, no. 24, pp. 12221-12229, doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03158

Zawadowicz, M. A. and Proud, S. R. and Seppalainen, S. S. and Cziczo, D. J. (2015) Hygroscopic and phase separation properties of ammonium sulfate/organics/water ternary solutions Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 15, no. 15, pp. 8975-8986, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-8975-2015

Awards

Victor P. Starr Career Development Chair (2013) | NASA Group Achievement Award, MACPEX Mission (2011) | NASA Group Achievement Awards: ARCTAS Mission, (2008); CRYSTAL Mission, 2002; Galileo Ida/ Dactyl Encounter (1993) | DOE Outstanding Performance Award, ISDAC Campaign (2008) | Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) (2005) | CIRES Outstanding Performance Award (2004) | Sigma Gamma Tau (National Honor Society for Aerospace Engineering), 1989; University of Illinois Chapter President (1991-1992), Secretary (1990-1991)

Contact Information

t: 617 324 4882

e: djcziczo@mit.edu

Office

54-1324

Education

Ph.D., Geophysical Sciences, The University of Chicago, 1999
M.S., Geophysical Sciences, The University of Chicago, 1997
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, The University of Illinois, 1992

Administrative Assistant