EAPS Seminars and Special Offerings
Interested in cross registration and need more information? Visit our Cross-Registration page for a summary of useful links.
PLEASE NOTE: Subjects listed on this page are being taught under a Special Problems number, used for one time only classes. The title and description that you will see on the Registrar's and pre-registration sites will NOT match what you see here. They will list the general info that applies to all terms and years. Register for the right number, and you will be in the class you want.
12.S489 Seminar on Dynamics of Melt Migration
Schedule: T 9:00am-11:00am, 54-1827
Melting and melt extraction from Earth’s interior influence much of the chemical exchange between the mantle, crust and the atmosphere and contribute to the differentiation of our planet. Melting of rocks commences at the grain scale whenever the rocks cross their solidus. Understanding of the mechanical and transport properties of the resulting mixture solid grains and liquid melt is an outstanding challenge in Earth Sciences.
In this seminar, we will review current research on the dynamics of partially molten regions in the crust and mantle from several perspectives. We will discuss seminal papers tackling the deformation behavior of solid-liquid composites, current geophysical observations of partially molten regions, the chemical signature of melt-rock interactions and geological evidence of melt migration. This is a graduate level seminar for students with background in rock physics, structural geology, seismology and petrology. Instructor: M. Pec
12.093/ 12.S491 Making Oxygenating Great Again
Schedule: Friday, 2-4pm, 54-517
Instructors: T. Bosak, O. Jagoutz, S. Ono
12.095/ 12.S591 Seminar on Possible Earthquake Prediction
Schedule: Wed 2:30 – 4:30PM, 54-824
Instructor: F.D. Morgan
12.S493 Mass Spectometry for Geobiologists
Schedule: T 3:30pm-5:00pm, E25-605
Instructor: R. Summons
12.s593 Using Ambient Seismic Noise as Signal for Tomography, Imaging, and Monitoring
Schedule: Will run from Feb. 19 - April 6th
Since the first seismic records in the late 19th century, seismic waves have been extensively used to scan the structure of the Earth. The realization that background, erratic, seismic noise can be used as an ubiquitous source of useful signal has recently revolutionized our ability to image the Earth and unravel the functioning of devastating seismic faults and volcanoes. The course will start with a brief introduction of pertinent seismological concepts and theoretical background. It will then address how one can obtain information about the structure and deformation of the Earth’s interior from seismic noise. The course introduces theory of noise-based seismology and monitoring and shows fascinating examples in the domains of volcanoes, earthquakes, and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Time permitting, the course will also cover some aspects of inverse scattering with application to crust and mantle studies.
Instructor: Florent Brenguier
Instructor: Kerry Emanual
12.S591 Image Analysis in the Geosciences
Schedule: Week 3, 9:00am - 5:00pm, 14-0637
The aim of the workshop is to familiarize participants with a number of image processing and analysis methods which will allow them to derive quantitative measurements from images. We will focus on the analysis of rock microstructures from sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. We will cover the topics of image segmentation, area and volume estimation, size and shape analysis and much more. The workshop consist of morning lectures and afternoon hands-on practice. The participants are encouraged to bring their own images of samples they would like to analyze. Participants taking the course for credit will be required to finish a short project. Instructor: M. Pec
12.091/ 12.S593 Origin of Life Seminar Series
Schedule: 1/10, 1/11, 1/29 at 4:00pm in 54-915 & 2/2 at 4:00pm in E25-605
A series of hosted lectures from leaders in the Origin of Life community, focusing on various dimensions of one of the most challenging problems in the biological and planetary sciences. Topics will include the origin of cells, metabolism, replication and proteins, as well as the geochemical conditions on the Early Earth that led to prebiotic and early biotic systems. Enrolled students will attend 4-5 seminars during IAP, actively engage in Q & A sessions with invited speakers in a panel format, and collaborate on creating an Origins of Life online blog resource highlighting the work of invited speakers. Instructor: G. Fournier
12.S490 Microbes and minerals
Schedule: MW 9:30-11, E25-605
Microbe-mineral interactions occur at the scale of microbial cells and can leave a macroscopic record in sediments. This graduate-level bi-weekly seminar class examines classic and recent studies of microbe-mineral interactions and trains students to critically read the literature and examine arguments in Earth sciences. Students examine analytical tools, experimental approaches and field observations used to connect microbial processes at the molecular level to fossil preservation and the formation of the sedimentary record. The class is also open to undergraduates interested in Geobiology who have taken 12.007 and Biology GIR or Chemistry GIR. Instructor: Bosak
12.090/12.S492 The Phylogenomic Planetary Record
Undergraduate and Graduate numbers
Schedule: TR 2:00-3:30PM (14-0637)
There are only two records of events in Earth's deep past, that preserved within rocks, and that preserved within genomes. This course introduces the tools of sequence-based phylogenetic analysis and molecular evolution in the context of studying this genomic record. Topics will include basic concepts of cladistics, phylogeny, and sequence evolution, construction of phylogenetic trees of genes and microbial lineages, molecular clocks, dating, and ancestral sequence reconstruction. Special attention will be given to the evolutionary history of microbial metabolisms, and their relationship to global biogeochemical cycles across Earth's history. Coursework will include lectures, paper discussions, and hands-on computer lab training in bioinformatics and molecular evolution data analysis. Instructor: Fournier
12.S493 The Forensics of Food
Schedule: T 4-6pm, E25-602
This will be a weekly reading group/seminar.
12.093/12.S491 Newfoundland Geology
Undergraduate and Graduate numbers
For those studnents wishing to obtain credit for participation in the Newfoundland field trip.
12.S592 Machine Learning for Natural Systems
Schedule: F 9-11, 54-1623
Follow on subject to the Spring class on Machine Learning that enables one to design Learning-based approaches for geophysical applications. Topics from the following areas are studied, based on class interest: Non-Parametric Bayesian Inference, Graphical Models, Trees and Forests, Kernel Machines, Ensemble Learning, Manifold Learning, Transfer Learning, and Recurrent and Deep Learning. See subject website for more information.